Kohana 3 :: Clean URLs

Removing index.php From the URL

To keep your URLs clean, you will probably want to be able to access your app without having /index.php/ in the URL. There are two steps to remove index.php from the URL.
  1. Edit the bootstrap file
  2. Set up rewriting

Configure Bootstrap

The first thing you will need to change is the index_file setting of Kohana::init:
    'base_url'   => '/myapp/',
    'index_file' => FALSE,
Now all of the links generated using URL::siteURL::base, and HTML::anchor will no longer include "index.php" in the URL. All generated links will start with /myapp/ instead of /myapp/index.php/.

URL Rewriting

Enabling rewriting is done differently, depending on your web server.


Rename example.htaccess to only .htaccess and alter the following line of code:
RewriteBase /kohana/
This needs to match the base_url setting of Kohana::init:
RewriteBase /myapp/
In most cases, this is all you will need to change.


If you get a "Internal Server Error" or "No input file specified" error, try changing:
RewriteRule ^(?:application|modules|system)\b - [F,L]
Instead, we can try a slash:
RewriteRule ^(application|modules|system)/ - [F,L]
If that doesn't work, try changing:
RewriteRule .* index.php/$0 [PT]
To something more simple:
RewriteRule .* index.php [PT]

Still Failed!

If you are still getting errors, check to make sure that your host supports URL mod_rewrite. If you can change the Apache configuration, add these lines to the the configuration, usually httpd.conf:
<Directory "/var/www/html/myapp">
    Order allow,deny
    Allow from all
    AllowOverride All


It is hard to give examples of nginx configuration, but here is a sample for a server:
location / {
    index index.php index.html index.htm;
    try_files $uri $uri/ index.php$uri?$args;
location ~ ^(.+\.php)(.*)$ {
    fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(.*)$;
    fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_NAME        $fastcgi_script_name;
    fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME    $document_root/$fastcgi_script_name;
    fastcgi_param  PATH_INFO          $fastcgi_path_info;
    include fastcgi.conf;
    fastcgi_index index.php;
The two things to note are the use of try_files and fastcgi_split_path_info.
This assumes that you are running PHP as a FastCGI server on port 9000 and are using nginx v0.7.31 or later.
If you are having issues getting this working, enable debug level logging in nginx and check the access and error logs.


Post a Comment